1. Raccoons are highly intelligent with an IQ similar to that of a 3 year old human child. They are capable of solving complex puzzles to gain access to food, including locks and latches.
2. Raccoons have highly dexterous front paws that allow them to complete tasks as intricate as untying knots or unscrewing jars, giving them the reputation of having “hands” and being “thieves”.
3. Raccoons have incredibly good memories. It is believed that they can commit to memory hundreds of different food sources and their locations.
4. Raccoons are omnivores, meaning that their diets consist of both plants and animals. Favorite foods of raccoons include fruits, nuts, insects, frogs, eggs, and small animals.
5. Raccoon young may form large nurseries of up to 26 young with a single mother. The nurseries are located in the dens of their mothers and are made up of independently born litters.
6. Besides having extraordinary memories and problem-solving skills, Raccoons also have great night vision, and their hands can sense temperature changes of less than one degree.
7. Raccoons are found in almost every part of North America. They are typically found in wooded areas, but are also commonly seen living in urban areas.
8. Raccoons were first introduced to Europe by seasonal fur traders in the early twentieth century. They are now one of the most successful introduced species in Europe.
9. Raccoons’ coats are composed of guard hairs and dense under fur to provide insulation. The density of their fur can increase from between 30-55 degrees Fahrenheit, allowing them to stay warm even in cold environments.
10. Raccoons generally live alone as they are territorial animals and will defend their territory fervently. The only time they will cooperate with one another is when raising young.