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10 Fun Facts You May Not Have Known About the World
1. The World’s Largest Cave is in Vietnam
Sơn Đoòng Cave is the world’s largest known cave, located in central Quảng Bình Province, Vietnam. This huge natural cave is more than 200 meters wide, 150 meters high, and 5 kilometers long. It is filled with huge stalagmites and stalactites, and even has its own river!
2. The World’s Largest Mountain is Underwater
The Mauna Kea volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii is the world’s tallest mountain, measuring 10,203 meters (33,476 feet) from its base at the ocean floor to its peak. That’s more than twice as tall as Mt. Everest!
3. The World’s Smallest Mountain is on a Pacific Island
Found in Papua New Guinea, Mount Yasur is just 361 meters (1,184 feet) high, making it the world’s smallest mountain. This active volcano stills erupts and is a popular tourist attraction for those wanting to experience an eruption up close.
4. The World’s Largest Desert is in Africa
The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest desert and covers so much of the northern Africa continent. This massive desert spans about 9.4 million square kilometers (3.6 million square miles).
5. The World’s Largest Lake is in Russia
The Caspian Sea is the world’s largest lake, covering an area of 400,000 square kilometers (154,000 square miles). It is currently shared among five countries: Russia, Kazakhstan, Iran, Turkmenistan, and Azerbaijan.
6. The World’s Deepest Lake is in Russia
Also in Russia, Lake Baikal is the world’s deepest lake, reaching a maximum depth of 1637 meters (5369 feet). This incredible lake is also the world’s oldest, estimated to be around 25 million years old!
7. The World’s Largest Island is in Greenland
Greenland’s largest island, of the same name, is the world’s largest island. It covers over 2.2 million square kilometers and is part of the Kingdom of Denmark.
8. The World’s Largest Artificial Island is in Dubai
Palm Jumeirah is the world’s largest artificial island and covers over 420 hectares (1,043 acres). This incredible development by the city of Dubai includes hotels, homes, restaurants and resorts.
9. The World’s Largest Volcano is Underwater
Hawaii’s Mauna Loa is the world’s largest active volcano, measured from its base at the ocean floor to its peak it stands at 10,028 meters (32,809 feet). Fun fact: it is about 56 kilometes (35 miles) long, making it longer than Korea’s entire east coast!
10. The World’s Longest Curved River is in China
The northeast corner of China is home to the world’s longest curved river, the Yarlung Tsangpo. This impressive river stretches for 1,815 kilometers (1,131 miles) and passes through mountain ranges, gorges, and valleys before eventually emptying into the Indian Ocean.